RARE and PRECIOUS VERY FIRST EDITION - FIRST OCTAVO
BIBLE EVER PRINTED!
1491 Biblia Sacra - (Roman
Catholic) Latin Vulgate Bible - TRULY printed in the Middle Ages! A
real medieval Bible printed BEFORE Columbus was in
America! Part of the INCUNABULA - INCUNABLE period (printed about 45 years after
the invention of the Printing Press and published BEFORE any English
Bible was ever published).
Printed in the year of our Lord, 1491 by Johannes Froben in Basel.
"Basilee (Basel) : Per Ioha[n]nem Froben de Hammelburck Anno
nonagesimo-primo supra millesimu[m]-quaterq[ue] centesimu[m] die
vero vicesimaseptima Iunij [i.e. 27th June 1491]"
"Biblia integra: summata: distincta: supemendata:
vtriusque testament cordantiis illustrata."
The FIRST EVER printed octavo size Bible!!!
Froben's "Poor Man's Bible" was printed for the first time in 1491,
the name was coined because of its portable (octavo) size, not its
cost. Back in those days, even the "poor man's" book often cost more
than even moderately well-off people could afford. Froben’s "Exhortatio"
at the beginning of the book emphasized the novelty, writing that in
view of its small size it would better be called a "Bibliola" or
mini-Bible than a Bible (aptius Bibliola quam Biblia dici poterit).
Many of Froben's religious titles were printed in sizes that were
far more portable (and thus more easily distributed, especially
covertly) than the folios which traditionally had been printed for
ecclesiastical use. Froben's Bibles were the first printed editions
to include references to parallel passages throughout each volume.
Most Bible books preceded by Jerome's preface. Includes "Interpretationes
Nominum Hebraicorum" after colophon. Froben's Latin Bibles were
based on the 'Fontibus ex Græcis' editions, and were highly esteemed
for their accuracy"
The first Bible printed in octavo format, and the
first book signed by Johann Froben, founder of a great printer’s
dynasty and friend of Erasmus. The size of Froben’s Bible conforms
to that of many thirteenth-century portable Bibles written in Paris
and elsewhere. Froben’s Exhortatio emphasized this feature: “in view
of its small size this could better be called a mini-Bible than a
Bible” (aptius Bibliola quam Biblia dici poterit). To keep the
number of leaves within a single volume, Froben used an unusually
small but very clear gothic fount, in today’s nomenclature of
7-point size. The octavo format was clearly welcomed by readers:
Froben printed a second edition in 1495 (Goff B-598), and there
followed three Italian octavo Vulgate editions of 1492, 1496, and
1497, as well as Gershom Soncino’s Hebrew Bible in octavo, Brescia,
1494 (Goff Heb-10).
As a special feature (which cost at printing a lot
extra, many of the still existing copies of this Bible DO NOT have
this!) - BEAUTIFUL GOLD ILLUMINATED LARGE FIRST INITIAL in the Bible
introduction and ALL chapter capitals are rubricated in
and Blue letters. First chapter
initials are extra large (this Bible was printed BEFORE the verses
were numbered, so it only shows the chapter numbers). As paper was
very expensive no empty space is wasted between the various Bible
Condition: Exceptionally well preserved. Lacking
the first leaf of the summary after the title page and one of the
last two blank leaves. Otherwise complete. Leaves 5 (sig. a1), 495
and 496 (sigs. ²E7-8) are blank. 494 of 496 leaves in Latin. Binding
of 16th century in full leather with ornaments in the centre of
boards. Spine with restorations. Internally in very good conditions.
First and last leaves with marginal water stain. Some redness and
stain. Few marginal tears. One leaf with tear that touches the text
with restoration without loss. Small marginal wormholes on the last
4 leaves. Solid binding (handle with care
as always). Exceptionally clean paper, no tears, no foxing, no
soiling - again amazingly nice for a 527 year old Bible!!!! Complete
Old & New Testament.
Johann Froben, in Latin:
Johannes Frobenius (and combinations), (circa 1460 — 27 October
1527) was a famous printer and publisher in Basel. He passed his
printing business on to his son Hieronymus, and grandson Ambrosius
Frobenius. Froben was born in Hammelburg, Franconia. After
completing his university career at Basel, where he made the
acquaintance of the famous printer Johann Amerbach (circa 1440 —
1513), Froben established a printing house in that city about 1491,
and this soon attained a European reputation for accuracy and taste.
In 1500 he married the daughter of the bookseller Wolfgang Lachner,
who entered into a partnership with him.
This is TRULY a VERY RARE and VALUABLE Bible. Here are 2 links to
show how rare and valuable this Bible is:
(Rare Books Digest) and