1516 Large Folio Post Incunable Bible and Commentary of Saint Jerome edited by Erasmus and printed by Johannes Froben, Volumes VII, VIII and IX - Antique Family Bibles and Early English Bibles

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    1516 Large Folio Post Incunable Bible and Commentary of Saint Jerome edited by Erasmus and printed by Johannes Froben, Volumes VII, VIII and IX 
Size: 15.25" x 10.25" x 4" thick
Publisher: Johannes Froben, Basel; Edited by Erasmus
VERY GOOD condition
Bible is SOLD
Very Large Post-Incunabular Latin Bible with Commentary by Saint Jerome in Original Tooled Leather Binding
  The book offered for sale contains volumes VII, VIII and IX of the works of Saint Jerome. It is a collection of Homilies and Commentary By Jerome on the Bible.
 Author: Saint Jerome (Latin: Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus) edited by Erasmus in Basel!
 
 Title: Septimo Tomo Haec Insvnt, In Parabolas Solomonis Commentarii. In Ecclesiasten Divi Hieronymi Stridonensis Commentarii Homiliae in Cantica Origenis Nomine. Denique in Iob Comentarii / Octavuus Tomus Comentarios in Psalterium Habet. Accessit His Psalterium Triplici Lingua, Hebraica, Graeca, et Latina / Tomus Nonus Operum Divi Hieronymi Eusebii Stridonensis Complectens Commentarios in Matthaeum et Marcum, et in Divi Pauli Espistolas, Vi Delicet ad Galatas Ephesios, Titut, Philemonem, Necnon Commentarios in Omnes Pauli Epistolas Sed Incerto Authore. Postremo Didymide Spiritusancto Librum a Hieronymo Versum.
 
 Pagination: 425 leaves (950 pages). All leaves are present and bound;118 leaves (Part VII: books of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Job), 104 leaves (part VIII: book of Pslams), 203 leaves (part IX: New Testament, the gospels and a selection on Paul's writings). The text appears in double columns.
 Binding: Embossed leather binding over thick and heavy boards. The binding has a few stains and cracks, wormholes and some loss. Hinges are intact and the binding is firm. The spine contains a very nice handwritten label at the crown, with large raised bands. The metal catches for the clasps remain but the clasps are missing. There is a small metal loop in the center of the rear board lower edge, suggesting the book was probably chained at one time to prevent theft.
  Condition details: A small library plate appears in the upper left corner of the front pastedown. Extensive contemporary annotations can be seen on the front pastedown. A strip of paper, with library stamp and place and date of publication of this book written in, has been pasted over the upper portion of the lower half of the title page, just under title, covering the name of the publisher and date of publication (which appear in the colophon at the end of the ninth volume). An annotation in ink, with date of 1540, appears underneath this strip. A small square has been excised from the bottom edge of the title page, and the number 26 is written at the top edge of the same. Repair can be seen at top edge of the title page. A library stamp is also visible on the first page of the text. Annotation in pencil appears on the final page. No other institutional markings or attachments are apparent. The pages exhibit light foxing. Very small wormholes can be seen on the pastedowns and first and final pages of the volume, including quite extensively on the first title page.
Some Background:
Johann Froben, in Latin: Johannes Frobenius (and combinations), (circa 1460 — 27 October 1527) was a famous printer and publisher in Basel. He passed his printing business on to his son Hieronymus, and grandson Ambrosius Frobenius. Froben was born in Hammelburg, Franconia. After completing his university career at Basel, where he made the acquaintance of the famous printer Johann Amerbach (circa 1440 — 1513), Froben established a printing house in that city about 1491, and this soon attained a European reputation for accuracy and taste. In 1500 he married the daughter of the bookseller Wolfgang Lachner, who entered into a partnership with him.

Froben was friends with Erasmus, who lived in his house when in Basel, and not only had his own works printed by him from 1514, but superintended Froben's editions of Jerome, Cyprian, Tertullian, Hilary of Poitiers and Ambrose. His printing of Erasmus' Novum Testamentum (1516) was used by Martin Luther for his translation.

Froben's work in Basel made that city in the 16th century the leading center of the Swiss book trade. An existing letter of Erasmus, written in the year of Froben's death, gives an idea of his life and an estimate of his character; and in it Erasmus mentions that his grief for the death of his friend was far more distressing than that which he had felt for the loss of his own brother, adding that "all the apostles of science ought to wear mourning".The epistle concludes with an epitaph in Greek and Latin.

   Saint Jerome
 
 Saint Jerome Latin: Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus Born c.  AD 347 – Died 30 September 420) was a Latin Christian priest, confessor, theologian and historian, who also became a Doctor of the Church. He was the son of Eusebius, of the city of Stridon, on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia. He is best known for his translation of the Bible into Latin (the Vulgate), and his commentaries and homilies. His list of writings is extensive. Known as the “protégé” of the former Pope Damasus, who died in December of 384, Jerome became well known for outlining the type of lifestyle that was acceptable for Christians living in cosmopolitan centers like Rome. In many cases, he focused his attention to the lives of women and identified how a woman devoted to Jesus Christ should live her life. This concentration stemmed from his close patron relationships with several prominent female ascetics who were members of affluent Roman “senatorial families”. He is recognized as a saint by the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Lutheran Church, and the Church of England (Anglican Communion). Jerome is commemorated on 30 September with a memorial.

Erasmus & St Jerome

In Basel (September 1514–March 1515) Erasmus made new friends among scholars in the Froben circle: Beatus Rhenanus, an editor of classical texts; Wolfgang Capito, Hebraist and cathedral preacher; and Ludwig Baer, a professor of theology at the university. Even while correcting proof he was still producing new material for his edition of the Epistulae and treatises that would make up the first four volumes of the Froben Opera Omnia of St. Jerome. Hieronymi Stridonensis Vita (Life of Jerome of Strido) is from one point of view a measure of Erasmus’s ambition, for as critics have noted there are striking resemblances between the Christian scholar Erasmus described (far different from the ascetic of hagiographic legends surrounding the figure of Jerome) and the role he claimed for himself in the contemporary world of letters. But the Vita also opened a fresh critical perspective on the holy man’s life and presented Erasmus’s view of what monasticism had been like prior to the virtual “slavery” of vows
 
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